Lake Velence Bird Reserve Nature Reserve

Velencei-tó nagy kócsagok

The rich and almost unique nesting bird fauna of the connected, large reeds of the southwestern part of Lake Velence was already famous in Otto Herman's time. Many domestic and foreign specialists visited the Lake of Venice with the aim of studying the life and habits of the great egret, the spoonbill and other bird species. The area has been a protected reserve since 1958 on the recommendations of the Ornithological Institute.

It is protected by Law No. 158/2007 on the maintenance of the protection of the nature reserve of the Lake Velence bird reserve. (XII. 27.) maintained by KvVM decree. 

            Number of the law declaring it protected (amending): 165/ 1958. OTT

            The extent of the protected area: 420 hectares, the entire area is highly protected

            Pedigree number: 65/TT/57

            Affected village boundary: Pákozd

Brief description of the protected natural values

The protected area registered in the "List of Wild Waters of International Importance" (so-called Ramsar area) is the 8002/1989. (KVÉ 9.) Based on the KVM information. The typical inhabitant of the lake's large clearings is the common grebe, while the lesser grebe inhabits the shallow waters. The summer geese breed regularly, and from October large flocks of breeding geese spend the night on the lake.

The lake region is poorer in birds of prey. In the reeds, the brown meadowlark breeds, and the bluish meadowlark is common from autumn to spring. Reed warblers are common in reeds, especially in coastal strips and reed edges

The remains of the original bog vegetation can still be found in the protected area: the floating bogs. The special nature of the bog vegetation is proven by the presence of the European-wide rare bog orchid species called onion wrap. Another very rare species of the Hungarian flora, the sea urchin, also occurs here.

The floating marshes play an important role in eliminating the load on the inflowing Császár stream, therefore protecting and improving their quality is an important task of nature conservation.

Main risk factors, special protection tasks

In order to preserve the natural values, the water level of the lake must be regulated taking nature conservation aspects into account. In terms of goals, the primary task is to expand the area, including reed beds and coastal meadows and pastures that have not yet been disturbed; creation of an adequate width and sufficiently respected water and land buffer zone in order to mitigate human impacts (farming, fishing, water sports); planned planning and implementation of reed harvesting for nature conservation purposes, production of adequate quantity and quality of water during the period of intensive vegetation development and nesting in the spring and early summer preceding the holiday season.

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