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Szentendre rose habitat Nature Reserve

<p class="Norml1" style="text-align: justify;"><span lang="FR">The St. John's wort only occurs in Hungary and only in certain areas, so not only the plant but also its habitat needs protection.</span></p>

The area was declared protected by the National Nature Conservation Council in 1941 under the 505507/41. with its decision no. 18 of 1961 on nature conservation TV 12/1971 issued for implementation (IV.1.) no. On the basis of government decree, the President of the National Nature Conservation Office, no. 2051/1975 classified it as a protected area of ​​national importance with its decision.

Pedigree number: 5/TT/42

Its area is 0.4 ha

The affected village border: Szentendre.

Effective legislation: 75/2007. (X. 18.) KvVM decree on maintaining the protection of the nature reserve of the Szentendre rose growing area

Brief description of the protected natural values

The rose was discovered in 1920 on Szentendré, on Pismány Hill, by design engineer Róbert Trautman during construction. The botanist Árpád Dégen named the species Rosa Sancti-Andreae (Degen et TRTM). A low (1-1.5m), densely sprouting shrub, its slender spines are straight. The leaves of the oddly winged, compound leaves have serrated edges, their plates are felty and fluffy, and smell of turpentine when rubbed. The petals of its flowers are dark pink, and their upper edges are fringed with light glands. The fruit is large (1.5-2 cm), its surface is very densely covered with glands and bristles, the sepals always remain on it. It has no reproductive seeds.

When it was declared protected, it had seven trees. Since then, in order to preserve the species, vegetatively propagated offspring of the Szentendre rose have been found in several botanical gardens, but we have also found specimens of similar origin in the surrounding gardens. Recently, it has also been found in Tiszántúl, Prügy.

Its nature conservation value is given by its character as a cultural relic. Protected since 1988. The Szentendre rose is grown at Cseresznyés út 7 no. located under The plot and the redesigned building are the property of the Szentendre Municipality. Its area can be visited on a limited basis, with the permission of the caretaker.

Major risk factors

In principle, nothing could endanger the plants living in a well-kept garden. Despite the above, the Szentendre rose has been endangered several times in recent years. The frequent change of ownership was usually accompanied by a change in the garden's management staff, and the new people did not always receive the information about the importance of the plant - which is not very decorative compared to today's decorative roses.

Fortunately, it is not easy to destroy a well-sprouting shrub. The most serious threat was the competition of overgrown mahonia and wild grapes, which completely overshadowed the light-demanding plants. The shading and water-absorbing effect of the Scots pines growing near them must be reduced in the near future by thinning the grove.