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Martonvásár Park Nature Reserve

<p class="Norml1" style="text-align: justify;"><span lang="FR">Antal Brunszvik and his son Ferenc Brunszvik were responsible for the blossoming of the Castle Park gardens, whose remaining monuments are protected.</span></p>

Original act of protection: OTT Decision 118/1953. Its protection is maintained by Decree 61/2007 (X. 18.) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management on the maintenance of the protection of the Martonvásár Park nature reserve.

            Register number: 47/TT/53

            Nature Conservation Manager: MTA Agricultural Research Institute

            Extent of the protected area: 70 hectares

            Affected municipality: Martonvásár (inland)

In 1758, when Antal Brunszvik bought the estate of Martonvásár, he found nothing but a boundless swamp. His first task was to drain the swamp, and only afterwards could major construction work be carried out. The Baroque castle and chapel were built between 1773-75. A Baroque garden, presumably near the building, and a landscape garden further away, were laid out using the original vegetation on an area of about 100 ha.

His son added to the landscape character of the park, and between 1870-75 had the castle converted into the neo-Gothic complex still visible today. At the same time, the gardens were also remodelled, especially the exotic gardens. Martonvásár is also a special place of musical culture, and Beethoven liked to spend time under the black poplar giant, which died in 1970. The estate changed hands in 1893. When the railway was built, the embankment cut the park in two, reducing it to 70 hectares. The castle and park were extensively damaged during the Second World War and became state property in 1949, and the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is located here. The restored castle and its park are a major work of art and architecture and are protected as a monument and a nature reserve.